Constantin Ciocirlan

European Defence Agency Romania

Lt. Col. Constantin Ciocirlan

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Project Officer (PO) Engage
European Defence Agency


A key facilitator in developing & fielding Non-Lethal Capabilities within Member States’ military forces

Non-lethal capabilities (NLCs) are explicitly designed and usually used to incapacitate personnel and equipment while minimizing fatalities, permanent injury or damage to property or the environment.

A common operational constraint faced by Member States’ military forces participating in deployed military operations with a major “non-combat” dimension (peacekeeping & peace enforcement, stabilization & security, humanitarian assistance) is the presence of non-combatants (civilian personnel) and civilian infrastructure (buildings, plants) in areas of operations.  Accordingly, the limitation of civilian casualties and collateral damages has become an important operational requirement in the EU-led CSDP military operations.

Therefore, the availability of this kind of capability has been accepted as a valid military requirement and included within NATO and national defence plans (short, medium and long-term) for capability development.

In the relatively short period of fielding and using some NLC in several theater of operations (Balkans, Somalia, Afghanistan) proved that their operational added value was in offering to commanders and military forces a sliding scale of non-lethal options when discriminating (deter, deny and even defeat) hostile intents. In fact, the non-lethal assets facilitate the use of force at lower thresholds, in accordance with the level of threats to de-escalate conflicts and critical security situations with minimum casualties.  

EDA’s Project Team (PT) NLC was set up in October 2007 and it is the only European standing forum where MS’s military experts regularly meet to address matters of common interest related to non-lethal capabilities and technology, by applying the capability-based-approach in its various development lines (concept, equipment, training, scientific research, technology developments). The PT NLC work is focusing on the following three main strands: a) concepts development & harmonization, b) NLC’s development & fielding & employment in deployed military operations and c) training.

In this perspective, the PT NLC is a hub that facilitate synergy of efforts among Member States related to the multinational cooperation in developing and fielding NLC within MS’s military forces. PT NLC is also facilitating the European defense industry to become more innovative and competitive in developing and validating new non-lethal technologies and capabilities by facilitating their participation at the PT meetings and projects.

MS’s military forces need to know prior to deployment in operations how to handle and employ the NLC assets. In this respect, education and training is essential to avoid misuse in the employment of non-lethal assets during military operations. Accordingly, the training work strand is identified by the PT participating Member States as a main priority of action aiming to facilitate a common operational approach in using NLC in land based CSDP operations.

Curriculum Vitae

Since March 2016 Constantin Ciocirlan is working within the Land and Logistics Unit of EDA’s Capability, Armament and Technology Directorate and his area of responsibility includes Non-Lethal Capabilities (NLC), Countering Surface to Air Fire (C-SAFIRE), anti-tank weapon systems and Personnel Recovery (PR). He possesses an in-depth knowledge on Euro-Atlantic security environment and multinational development of military capabilities, gained through more than 25 years of experience in national and international posts. He is fluent in English and French.

He holds a bachelor’s degree in Mechanical engineering, specialization Military land vehicles and his academic background also includes two postgraduate courses related to the land weapons systems acquisition & management. He permanently enhanced his professional competencies by attending national and international (NATO&EU) courses concerning EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), NATO’s defence and operational planning, defence capabilities acquisition and management.

As junior officer he performed in different national posts within Romania’s General Staff, at all echelons (Logistic Unit, Joint Logistic Command HQ, General Staff HQ/J-8). This experience allowed him to gain a solid background on land capabilities in-service operation and management, with a focus on their integrated logistic support (ILS).

Since 2003, he has been working in national and international defence environments in senior positions and his activity is related to the Euro-atlantic military security architecture. At national level he has worked within RO’s MoD and his responsibilities were related to defence policy (Sep 2013/Mar 2016, Defence Policy Directorate) and defence capabilities development (Defence Integrated Planning Directorate, 2000/2003 and 2007/2010).

Regarding international working experience, he has worked for NATO International Staff /IS (Jul 2003/Sep 2007, Defence policy and planning Division/Logistics, Planning officer) and within Romania Permanent Delegation to NATO (Aug 2010/ Aug 2013, responsible for politico-military matters concerning NATO’s Defence Planning Process/NDPP and common funding/NSIP).

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