Mr. Irakli Beridze
Future Forces Forum Future Forces Exhibition 2018
Senior Strategy and Policy Advisor, CBRN Risk Mitigation and Security Governance Programme
United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Institute (UNICRI)
New Technologies and CBRN Threats and Opportunities: Future Considerations
The threat posed by chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) materials and weapons are certainly at the top of the international security agenda. Relevant stakeholders, including policy makers, scientists, academics and civil servants within the international community continually examine the significance and varying origins of this threat and acknowledge that managing CBRN risks is an increasingly difficult and complex challenge. It is also becoming increasingly evident that an effective strategy to mitigate CBRN risks of criminal, accidental or natural origin requires a very high level of co-operation and co-ordination both between different national agencies and among countries and International and Regional Organizations.
The threat that humanity faces through the misuse of CBRN materials is far from static and unchanging. In the vanguard of this evolution are the rapid advances in autonomy, robotics and artificial intelligence. The potential benefits of this technology are legion but the latent possibility of its criminal misuse is a threat about which we should be acutely aware.
Current and likely future developments of new technologies, such as autonomous robotics and artificially intelligent systems have potentially far-reaching implications, changing the dynamic of security, security governance and CBRN risk mitigation. Such technology will have considerable appeal for terrorist organisations or other non-state actors who wish to exploit CBRN materials, most particularly given the potential value of autonomous systems as delivery mechanisms. Developments in this field open up a whole new world of CBRN threats.
In this respect, UNICRI is striving to advance understanding of the various technological, economic, demographic, environmental, legal and political considerations involved in the risk-benefit duality of AI and robotics, in order to maximize the benefits, while minimising the risks. We strongly believe however, that it is absolutely critical not to stifle innovation.
Mr Irakli Beridze is a Senior Strategy and Policy Advisor at the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI), previously serving as a Programme Coordinator of the UNICRI's CBRN Risk Mitigation and Security Governance Programme. Immediately prior to his appointment at UNICRI, Mr Beridze, served at the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), in the Hague, the Netherlands. During his 14 years of service at the OPCW Mr Beridze held various positions and among wide range of issues, was responsible for the development and implementation of the OPCW's policies on its contribution to global anti-terrorism efforts, chemical safety and security, and outreach activities aimed at cooperation with other relevant international organisations. During his service at number of international organizations, such as OPCW, United Nations World Food Programme and Tampere Peace Research Institute, he was responsible for various programmes and projects in the area of international security, CBRN, non-proliferation, disarmament, counter-terrorism, security governance and emerging technologies. He has been a member of various international task forces and working groups, such as United Nations Counter-terrorism Implementation Task Force, and frequently participates in international, regional and sub-regional conferences and meetings related to the issues of international security, CBRN, non-proliferation, disarmament and counter-terrorism. He is also conducting research on a different topics related to international peace and security, and lectures at number of academic institutions. Mr Beridze was born in Tbilisi, Georgia in 1975 and holds a Bachelor's degree in Political Science from Concord University (USA), a law degree in International Law from the University in Georgia, and a Master's degree in International Relations from the University of Tampere (Finland). He speaks Georgian, English, Russian and Dutch. He is married and has two children. In 2013 Mr Beridze received a recognition on the occasion of the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons.