Mr. Miroslav Skoumal MSc., PhD.
Future Forces Forum
Head of Decontamination Department
Military Research Institute, s.e.
Comparative Evaluation of Adsorptive Strength of Selected Adsorptive Materials Towards Neat Liquid GB Agent
The presented comparative results show significant differences among the classic powdered adsorptive materials (activated charcoal, bentonite) and adsorptive materials containing active metal oxide (nano) materials (FastAct, SX 34). Classic adsorptive materials keep the liquid agent in their porous structure without any contribution of decomposition processes and agent releasing curves in time show characteristic slow desorption rates. Therefore the agent release continues until exhausting (desorbing/evaporating) of the whole mass of adsorbed agent. On the contrary the FastAct and SX34 materials show significant contribution of decomposition processes in powdered adsorptive material structure containing the nano metal oxides.
Since 1977 Dr. Skoumal has worked as a senior scientist at the Decontamination Department at Military Research Institute founded by the former Czechoslovak Ministry of Defense, specializing in advanced scientific and technology innovations in chemical warfare decontamination. Dr. Skoumal has more than 30 years of experience in chemical warfare defense which began in the former Czechoslovak Army. He received his PhD. from the Military Academy in Brno in 1986, specializing in kinetics and mechanisms of toxic phosphonates cleavage catalyzed by using micellar metal chelates. Dr. Skoumal served as Chief of the Decontamination Support Element, UNSCOM CW Inspection Team in 1990 and 1991 following the First Gulf War. In 1997 Dr. Skoumal was appointed Head of the Decontamination Department for the Military Research Institute, serving the Czech Republic Armed Forces as the focal point for decontamination research and development. From 1998 to 2012, Dr. Skoumal has been the Czech Republic program director and liaison for chemical warfare agent material and substrate testing conducted in the Czech Republic in support of the U.S. Fate of Agents work sponsored by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). Currently Dr. Skoumal presides as the Chief of Agent Persistency and Decontamination, a specialized department established at the Military Research Institute, state enterprise company, Brno, Czech Republic.